Also known as In Vitro Fertilization, IVF is an assisted reproductive technology that couples worldwide use to fall pregnant. IVF’s success rate often depends on the age and health of the woman. However, clinics like Invimed actively pursue difficult cases, often with higher success rates than those who don’t. Understanding more about the IVF process and its chances of success is a good way to prepare for this assisted reproductive technology.
What is IVF and How is it Performed?
IVF involves surgically removing eggs (oocytes) from the woman and fusing them with sperm in a laboratory. This process results in an embryo, which is then implanted at an opportune moment during the woman’s menstrual cycle.
To prepare for this process, the woman will suppress her natural monthly cycle using synthetic hormones. This process lasts for two weeks. Next, a fertility hormone called FSH is used for 10-12 days to stimulate egg production. After this, the clinic collects eggs, and may also give a further hormonal injection two days before to mature them. For women who don’t have eggs, an egg sharing bank is an option.
After successfully harvesting eggs, the clinicians leading the process fuse them with sperm in a laboratory environment. The fertilized eggs are watched closely to identify the ones that turn into embryos. Following this, embryo transfer takes place.
Embryo Transfer Options
Whether egg sharing or using their own eggs, couples using IVF face some choices when it comes to embryo transfer. It’s recommended that women under 37 opt for a single transfer. Women who are older may choose more than one embryo, although they should be aware that this could result in a multiples pregnancy. Some women under the age of 37 choose more than one egg transfer, as they may aim for a multiples pregnancy. Before opting for IVF, it’s essential that all couples find a clinic they’re happy with and which has clinicians that are professional and supportive throughout the entire process.